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"무장갈등 예방을 위한 글로벌파트너십- 동북아(Global Partnership for Prevention of Armed Conflicts Northeast Asia)"20141126일 몽고 울란바토르에서 동북아비핵지대 건설을 위한 영역들(Dimensions to create a Nuclear-Weapon Free Northeast Asia)”이라는 주제로 국제회의를 열었습니다.  정경란 국제협력위원장이 이 회의에 참가했습니다.

  

 

Global Partnership for Prevention of Armed Conflicts Northeast Asia(GPPAC NEA) held an International Conference “Dimensions to create a Nuclear-Weapon Free Northeast Asia” in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia on 26 November 2014. 

Gyunglan Jung, Chairperson of International Cooperation Committee, Women Making Peace, joined the Conference. 



이 회의에는 울란바토르, 서울, 평양, 동경, 교오토, 광저우, 홍콩, 타이뻬이, 블라디보스톡에서 참석한 시민사회 대표들과 학자, 네덜란드 GPPAC 국제사무국에서 온 대표들을 포함해 60여명 이상이 참석했습니다.  



Over 60 people, including civil society representatives and scholars from Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Kyoto, Pyongyang, Seoul, Taipei, Tokyo, Ulaanbaatar and Vladivostok, as well as representatives of the GPPAC Global Secretariat in the Hague, gathered in Ulaanbaatar.



  이 회의에서 채택된 최종문서를 붙입니다.

   

Following is the Final Document of International Conference:

   


   

Final Document of International Conference:

“Dimensions to create a Nuclear-Weapon Free Northeast Asia”

   

Ulaanbaatar, 26 November 2014


   

1. The International Conference: “Dimensions to create a Nuclear-Weapon

Free NEA” was held in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia on 26 November 2014. It was

organized by the Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflict

(GPPAC) Northeast Asia and Blue Banner, Ulaanbaatar Focal Point of

GPPAC, under the auspices of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and

Economic Development of Mongolia.


   

2. Over 60 people, including civil society representatives and scholars

from Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Kyoto, Pyongyang, Seoul, Taipei, Tokyo,

Ulaanbaatar and Vladivostok, as well as representatives of the GPPAC

Global Secretariat in the Hague, gathered in Ulaanbaatar. They discussed

the challenges that the world and East Asia were facing. These included

especially nuclear security; the feasibility and need to establish a

Northeast Asian nuclear-weapon-free zone (NEA-NWFZ); the impact of

military alliances, foreign military bases and expenditure; and the

threats currently posed to Article 9, the peace clause of the Japanese

Constitution. In this regard they considered different proposals and

ideas, including a comprehensive approach to this region’s security.

They also considered Mongolia’s nuclear-weapon-free status and the role

that the country could play in promoting greater confidence, stability

and non-proliferation in the region. The participants reaffirmed their

commitment to conflict prevention, peacebuilding and non-proliferation

in the region, as reflected in the previous statements of GPPAC

Northeast Asia in the 2005 Tokyo Agenda, the 2006 Mt Kumgang Action

Plan, and the 2007 and 2010 Ulaanbaatar statements.

   


3. The participants believed that addressing issues of the humanitarian

consequences of nuclear weapons detonation, accidental or intentional,

was an important and timely measure that would allow the international

community to maintain high awareness of the urgency of nuclear

disarmament by deepening the understanding of the devastating

consequences of nuclear detonation. Hence they welcomed the holding of

two conferences on the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons in Oslo,

Norway in 2013 and in Nayarit, Mexico in 2014, and the civil society

involvement therein. The Oslo conference addressed the consequences of a

nuclear weapon detonation through a humanitarian lens, while the Nayarit

conference allowed a deeper understanding of such consequences focusing

on long-term effects as well as effects on public health, environment,

climate change, food security, displacements and development. They

believed that the third conference, to be held in Vienna this December,

would highlight further the urgency of abolishing nuclear weapons by

hearing further testimonies, looking at consequences of nuclear weapon

tests, and the risks of human and technical error and would contribute

to starting negotiations aimed at eliminating nuclear weapons. Therefore

they called upon civil society organizations to take an active part in

both the governmental conference and the civil society forum in Vienna.

   


4. Participants reaffirmed their conviction that the only effective

guarantee against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons was their

complete prohibition and elimination through conclusion of international

legally-binding instrument to this effect. Thus they rejected

modernization of existing nuclear weapons and development of new types

of such weapons as acts inconsistent with the goals and obligations of

nuclear disarmament. They welcomed the decision of the General Assembly

of the United Nations to designate 26 September as International Day for

the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons, the convening in 2013 of a

high level meeting on nuclear disarmament and its outcome, and called

upon states to convene the second meeting not later than 2018 so as to

identify concrete measures and actions to eliminate nuclear weapons in

the shortest possible time. In the interim, they called on the

international community to commence negotiations and adopt without delay

a universal and legally binding instrument on negative security

assurances. The conference also expressed its support for the Republic

of the Marshall Islands’ efforts “Nuclear Zero” lawsuits, holding the

nine nuclear-armed nations accountable for failing to comply with their

obligations under the NPT.

   


5. During the discussion due attention was given to the preparations for

the 2015 Review Conference on the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of

Nuclear Weapons (NPT), which was the cornerstone of the disarmament and

non-proliferation regime. They called upon nuclear-weapon states to

fully comply with their obligations to nuclear disarmament under Article

VI of the NPT, and fully implement the 13 practical steps towards

nuclear disarmament agreed upon at the 2000 NPT Review Conference as

well as the Action Plan adopted at the 2010 Review Conference, in

particular Action 5.

   


6. The participants reaffirmed the important role that NWFZs play in

strengthening regional and international security, and expressed support

for strengthening the existing ones. In that respect they expressed

concern that despite the agreements reached by the states parties to the

NPT in 1995, 2000 and 2010, the international conference on the

establishment of a Middle East NWFZ had not been held and expressed the

hope that such a conference would be held before the 2015 NPT Review

Conference.

   


7. The participants expressed concern over the persisting tensions in

the Northeast Asian region, including on and around the Korean

peninsula. They believed that the Six Party Talks still could play an

important role in addressing some of their causes, and that other forms

of dialogue to contribute to a permanent peace regime be sincerely

pursued. The participants believed that confidence-building measures to

improve relations and a broad approach to addressing this issue,

including the feasibility of establishing a NEA-NWFZ, were practically

useful, and that the nuclear umbrella and extended nuclear deterrence

needed to be given up altogether.

   


8. They welcomed the Mongolian President’s proposal to promote the

Ulaanbaatar Dialogue on Northeast Asian Security as an effective way to

reduce mistrust and promote mutual understanding and greater confidence.

They believed that civil society needed to play its role in promoting

understanding and dialogue in the region and reiterated their commitment

to continue cooperation of civil society organizations with a view to

developing and strengthening a shared vision for a peaceful and stable

Northeast Asia, as the Ulaanbaatar Process proposed by GPPAC Northeast

Asia in 2007 and currently in preparation. The potential agenda for

future dialogue sessions was to focus not only on traditional peace and

security issues, but also include more comprehensive aspects such as

economy, the environment, sustainability, disaster relief, gender, human

security, the potential role of civil society, etc.

   


9. The participants welcomed Mongolia’s nuclear-weapon-free zone policy

both as a concrete contribution to regional stability, and as an

innovative approach to addressing nuclear threat-related issues. They

welcomed the joint declaration of the five nuclear-weapon states whereby

the latter pledged to respect Mongolia’s status and not to contribute to

any act that would violate it. The participants expressed the hope that

Mongolia’s example would be an inspiring example in addressing similar

cases.

   


10. The participants reaffirmed their support for global efforts to

promote nuclear disarmament and conflict prevention in which civil

society could play an important role. Thus they supported various civil

society led campaigns and efforts such as the International Campaign to

Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), Mayors for Peace, the various national

and international campaigns to end the Korean War, and those to protect

and promote Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution. The importance of

engagement between civil society from the Northeast Asian region and

that of the United States was also highlighted. They also reiterated

their commitment to the goals of GPPAC and expressed their resolve to

promote them at the global, regional and local levels.




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